Mircette: Combination Hormone Birth Control
Mircette (desogestrel/ethinyl estradiol + ethinyl estradiol) is a combination of female hormones used to prevent pregnancy in women.
What kind of birth control is Mircette?
This drug is a biphasic oral contraceptive. The drug is combined and has an estrogen-gestagenic effect. Each of the active components complements each other. The most important of the exhibited effects is the ability to suppress ovulation and alter the state of cervical mucus. Under the influence of the drug, the regularity of the cycle is adjusted. The active ingredients help to reduce the pain and intensity of menstrual bleeding.
This effect helps to reduce the risk of iron deficiency anemia and endometrial and ovarian cancer. Provided that the drug is used in accordance with the instructions, the Pearl index is less than 1.
When is it used?
The drug is used for hormonal oral contraception.
Who should not use Mircette?
The drug is contraindicated for use in cases where the patient has a pronounced hypersensitivity (allergy) to the main or to one of the auxiliary components.
The birth control pill is contraindicated in the following cases:
- thrombosis (venous and arterial) and thromboembolism, including a history (including deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction), cerebrovascular disorders;
- conditions preceding thrombosis (including transient ischemic attacks, angina pectoris), including a history;
- pronounced or multiple risk factors for venous or arterial thrombosis;
- migraine with focal neurological symptoms, including a history;
- diabetes mellitus with vascular complications;
- pancreatitis with severe hypertriglyceridemia, including a history;
- liver failure and severe liver disease (until liver tests return to normal);
- liver tumors (benign or malignant), including a history;
- identified hormone-dependent malignant neoplasms (including genital organs or mammary glands), including suspected;
- vaginal bleeding of unknown origin.
The drug is not used in pediatrics.
Is Kariva and Mircette the same thing?
These are two contraceptives with the same composition and effectiveness. Kariva is a generic version of the brand-name birth control pill called Mircette.
Can I use it when pregnant or breastfeeding?
This drug is contraindicated for pregnant women – only under strict indications determined by a doctor.
If you need to take the drug during breastfeeding, you should stop lactation.
How to take Mircette?
The pack consists of 28 tablets with active 21 tablets containing active progestin and estrogen hormones. Each active tablet contains 0.15 mg desogestrel, 0.02 mg ethinyl estradiol, followed by 2 inert tablets. The pack also contains 5 tablets containing 0.01 mg ethinyl estradiol.
The drug is taken orally in accordance with the instructions, every day at the same time, with a little water.
Take one tablet a day continuously for 28 days.
The next pack is started without interruption, menstrual bleeding usu-ally occurs when you are taking inactive pills and may not end until you start taking a new pack.
Is Mircette a low estrogen pill?
This is an ultra-low dose birth control pill. Ultra-low-dose pills contain 20 micrograms of estrogen or less.
Can I overdose on this contraceptive?
Do not take more than 1 tablet per day as it can cause an overdose. Its symptoms are:
- nausea, vomiting;
- minor vaginal bleeding.
What are the side effects of Mircette?
The drug is usually well tolerated when used in the recommended doses.
Common side effects are:
- headache, dizziness, migraine;
- pain in the mammary gland, a feeling of discomfort, engorgement of the mammary glands, change in the volume, duration and interval of menstrual bleeding (including heavy menstrual bleeding, scanty or rare menstrual bleeding, absence of menstrual bleeding, acyclic / bleeding), an increase in the size of the mammary glands, swelling and distension of the mammary glands, edema of the mammary gland, painful menstrual-like spotting / bleeding, discharge from the genital tract / vaginal discharge, ovarian cysts, pain in the pelvic region;
- vaginitis / vulvovaginitis, vaginal candidiasis or other fungal vulvovaginal infections;
- increased appetite;
- decreased mood;
- increased blood pressure, decreased blood pressure, anemia;
- abdominal pain, including pain in the upper and lower abdomen, discomfort / bloating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
- acne, alopecia, rash (including macular rash), pruritus (including generalized itching).
Does Mircette cause weight gain?
As this contraceptive is hormone-based, you may have some minor side effects, though they’re quite uncommon. One of the most common side effects is weight gain.
How to store it?
The contraceptive is valid for 3 years. Storage periods should not be exceeded. Do not use expired medicine.
Storage temperature should not exceed 25° C. Temperature deviations can change the properties of the birth control pill, therefore it should always be stored in the original packaging.